Mumps is a contagious disease caused by a virus that usually spreads through saliva and can infect many parts of the body, especially the parotid salivary glands. These glands are found toward the back of each cheek, in the area between the ear and jaw. In cases of mumps, these glands typically swell and become painful. Mumps was common until the mumps vaccine was licensed in 1967. Mumps infections are uncommon in kids younger than 1 year old. After a case of mumps it is very unusual to have a second attack because one attack of mumps almost always gives lifelong protection against another.
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The mumps are caused by a virus. The virus is spread from person-to-person by respiratory droplets (during sneezing) or by direct contact with items that have been contaminated with infected saliva. Mumps occurs in children ages 2 - 12 who have not been vaccinated against the disease. However, the infection can occur at any age. The time between being exposed to the virus and getting sick (incubation period) is usually 12 - 24 days.
Mumps may also infect the:
Central nervous system
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Swelling of the parotid glands (the largest salivary glands, located between the ear and the jaw)
Swelling of the temples or jaw (temporomandibular area)
Other symptoms of this disease that can occur in males:
MMR(measles mumps rubella) immunization protects against mumps. It should be given to children 12 - 15 months old. The vaccine is given again between ages 4 - 6, or between ages 11 - 12, if it wasn't given before.
Avoid acidic fruit juices like grape fruit juice.
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|Ice or Heat packs||Naturopathy|
There is no specific treatment for mumps but ice or heat packs can be applied to the neck area and acetaminophen (Tylenol) may help to relieve pain. Use of nonaspirin fever medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to bring down fever. Do not give aspirin to children with a viral illness because of the risk of Reye syndrome.
It can also be treated with:
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